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Family tree of Muhammad

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Family tree

Genealogy

A series of articles on Muhammedkalli.gif
Prophet of Islam
Muhammad

Life
In Mecca · Hijra · In Medina · Conquest of Mecca · Wives · Farewell pilgrimage · Family tree ·

Career
Quran · Hadith ·
Early reforms under Islam · Diplomacy · Military · Persecution by Meccans · Migration to Abyssinia ·

Miracles
Isra and Mi'raj · Relics · Splitting of the moon ·
Al-Masjid an-Nabawi ·

Views by subject
Jewish · Christian · Slavery ·

Succession
Farewell sermon · Saqifah · Pen and paper · Family · Companions · History ·

Praise
Durood · Na'at · Mawlid · Haḍra · Madih nabawi ·
Ya Muhammad ·

Perspectives
Islamic · Jewish · Bible · Medieval Christian · Historicity · Criticism · Prophetic biography · Depictions · Films · Depictions in film ·
Wathilah ibn al-Asqa narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;
"Indeed Allah chose Isma'il from the progeny of Ibrahim, chose the Banu Kinanah over other tribes from the children of Isma'il; He chose the Banu Quraish over other tribes of Kinanah; He chose Banu Hashim over the other families of the Quraish; and He chose me from Banu Hashim."
—Related by Muslim and Tirmidhi.

Muhammad to Adnan

According to Islamic prophetic tradition, Muhammad was descended from Adnan. Tradition records the genealogy from Adnan to Muhammad comprises 21 generations. "The following is the list of chiefs who are said to have ruled the Hejaz and to have been the patrilineal ancestors of Muhammad."[1]

Adnan to Isma'il

Various genealogies of Adnan up to Isma'il have been narrated and is subject to controversies and doubt. Adnan was the ancestor of the Adnani Arabs of northern, central and western Arabia and a direct descendant of Isma'il. It is not confirmed how many generation are between them, however Adnan was fairly close to Isma'il. Isma'il had twelve sons who are said to have become twelve tribal chiefs throughout the regions from Havilah to Shur (from Assyria to the border of Egypt).

Genealogists differ from which son of Isma'il the main line of descent came, either through his eldest son Nabut, or his second son Qedar who was the father of the North Arabian Qedarite tribe that controlled the region between the Persian Gulf and the Sinai Peninsula. Genealogists also differ in the names on the line of descent.

Ibrahim to Nuh

`Abd Allah ibn `Abbas narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;
"The descendants of `Imran, mentioned in Allah's saying, ‘Allah did choose Adam and Nuh, the family of Ibrahim, and the family of `Imran above all people,-' [Quran 03:33] are the believers among sons of Ibrahim, `Imran, Yasin and Muhammad"
—Related by Bukhari.
"And We sent Noah and Abraham, and established in their line Prophethood and Revelation: and some of them were on right guidance. But many of them became rebellious transgressors."
—Qur'an, chapter 57 (Al-Hadid), verse 26.
It is unclear how many generations are between Ibrahim and Nuh. Nuh's son Sam was the ancestor of the Semitic race.

Nuh to Adam

'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas narrated the Prophet Muhammad said;
“Between Nuh and Adam were ten generations, all of them were upon Sharia of the truth, then they differed. So Allah sent prophets as bringers of good news and as warners.”

See also

References

  1. ^ Hughes, Thomas Patrick (1995) [First published 1885]. A Dictionary of Islam: Being a Cyclopaedia of the Doctrines, Rites, Ceremonies, and Customs, Together With the Technical and Theological Terms, of the Muhammadan Religion. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 19. ISBN 978-81-206-0672-2. Retrieved 2010-07-24.
  2. ^ Ibn Hisham, Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen, 2/14-17.
  3. ^ Firestone et al., 2001, pp. 11-12. This list of names is based on the work of a 16th century Syrian scholar. Alternate transliterations of the Arabic appear in parantheses. For those names that have articles, which use the most common English name, the article has been linked, but the name appears as transliterated from the Arabic.
  4.  FAMILY TREE

    Kilab ibn Murrah
    Fatimah bint Sa'd
    Zuhrah ibn Kilab
    (progenitor of Banu Zuhrah)
    maternal great-great-grandfather
    Qusai ibn Kilab
    paternal great-great-great-grandfather
    Hubba bint Hulail
    paternal great-great-great-grandmother

    `Abd Manaf ibn Zuhrah
    maternal great-grandfather
    `Abd Manaf ibn Qusai
    paternal great-great-grandfather
    Atikah bint Murrah
    paternal great-great-grandmother

    Wahb ibn `Abd Manaf
    maternal grandfather
    Hashim ibn 'Abd Manaf
    (progenitor of Banu Hashim)
    paternal great-grandfather
    Salma bint `Amr
    paternal great-grandmother

    Fatimah bint `Amr
    paternal grandmother
    `Abd al-Muttalib
    paternal grandfather
    Halah bint Wahb
    paternal step-grandmother
    Aminah
    mother
    `Abd Allah
    father
    Abu Talib
    paternal uncle
    Az-Zubayr
    paternal uncle
    Harith
    paternal uncle
    Hamza
    paternal half-uncle
    Thuwaybah
    first nurse
    Halimah
    second nurse
    `Abbas
    paternal half-uncle
    family tree
    Abu Lahab
    paternal half-uncle
    6 other sons
    and 6 daughters


    Muhammad
    Khadija
    first wife
    `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas
    paternal cousin
    Fatimah
    daughter
    Ali
    paternal cousin
    family tree, descendants
    Qasim
    son
    `Abd-Allah
    son
    Zainab
    daughter
    Ruqayyah
    daughter
    Uthman
    son-in-law
    family tree
    Umm Kulthum
    daughter
    Zayd
    adopted son

    Ali ibn Zainab
    grandson
    Umamah bint Zainab
    granddaughter
    `Abd-Allah ibn Uthman
    grandson
    Rayhana
    (marriage disputed)
    Usama ibn Zayd
    adoptive grandson

    Muhsin ibn Ali
    grandson
    Hasan ibn Ali
    grandson
    Husayn ibn Ali
    grandson
    family tree
    Umm Kulthum bint Ali
    granddaughter
    Zaynab bint Ali
    granddaughter
    Safiyya
    tenth / eleventh wife*

    Abu Bakr
    father-in-law
    family tree
    Sawda
    second / third wife*
    Umar
    father-in-law
    family tree
    Umm Salama
    sixth wife
    Juwayriya
    eighth wife
    Maymuna
    eleventh / twelfth wife*


    Aisha
    second / third wife*
    family tree
    Zaynab
    fifth wife
    Hafsa
    fourth wife
    Zaynab
    seventh wife
    Umm Habiba
    ninth wife
    Maria the Copt
    thirteenth wife


    Ibrahim
    son

  5. Note that direct lineage is marked in bold.
  6. * indicates that the marriage order is disputed

External links

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